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The United Nations Security Council is tasked with maintaining international stability and peace by means of peacekeeping operations, sanctions and military action. With five permanent and ten rotating members, it is the only UN body with the ability to issue binding resolutions to member states and to approve any changes to the Charter of the United Nations. In the past year, it has deliberated on issues ranging from the non-proliferation of the DPRK to the plight of the Rohingya in Myanmar.
The UNFCCC entered into force on 21 March 1994. Today, it has near-universal membership. The 197 countries that have ratified the Convention are called Parties to the Convention. The UNFCCC is a “Rio Convention”, one of three adopted at the “Rio Earth Summit” in 1992. Its sister Rio Conventions are the UN Convention on Biological Diversity and the Convention to Combat Desertification. The three are intrinsically linked.
The Disarmament and International Security Committee, otherwise known as the First General Assembly Committee, functions to handle global challenges and threats to peace that affect the international community. The body considers all disarmament and security related matters within the scope of the UN Charter whilst maintaining the general principles of cooperation when discussing matters. It is the only Main Committee of the General Assembly which is entitled to verbatim records coverage.
The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health. It was established on 7 April 1948, and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The WHO is a member of the United Nations Development Group. Its predecessor, the Health Organization, was an agency of the League of Nations.
The Special Political and Decolonization Committee, otherwise known as the Fourth General Assembly Committee, engages with a variety of problems but mainly focusing peacekeeping and decolonization related issues. The committee provides an International Forum for Member to States to discuss issues relating to atomic radiation, review of peacekeeping operations, and international cooperation in outer space.
The United Nations Development Programme acts as the UN’s global development network and has the primary responsibility of supporting countries with sustainable development, democratic governance, and disaster resilience. Currently, the UNDP is working with Member States to fulfil the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.